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American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is also known as: American Spitz

Fast Facts

Group classification: Non-Sporting Country of origin: United States Date of origin: 20th century
Weight (M): 25 - 40 lb Height (M): 16 - 19" Life expectancy: 12 - 13 years
Weight (F): 15 - 30 lb Height (F): 14 - 17"

General Description of the American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz family. Like most Spitz breeds, the American Eskimo Dog has pointed, erect ears and an impressive coat. The head is fairly small and carries an intelligent expression. The eyes have an oval shape, are dark brown in color, and are surrounded by dark brown or black rims. The nose, like the rims, is a medium to dark brown color. The American Eskimo Dog has a beautifully plumed tail that usually curls up freely over the back but may drop down when the dog is at rest. The dog features a double coat that stands off from the body, keeping the dog warm in snowy climes. The American Eskimo Dog’s body is compact, and like the Poodle this breed comes in three distinct sizes: standard, miniature and toy. Please note that the dimensions listed above apply to a Standard or exceptionally large Miniature American Eskimo Dog. Toys typically weigh 6 – 10 pounds and stand 9 – 12” in height.

American Eskimo Dog Temperament

Because of its quick wit and desire to please, the American Eskimo Dog is relatively easy to train and does well in competitive obedience. Though the dog can be a bit reserved at times, it is not considered to be an exceedingly shy breed. The American Eskimo Dog can be very good with kids if it receives sufficient exposure and interacts with children early in its life. The breed is generally good with other pets, particularly if they are of the same size or slightly larger, although the American Eskimo Dog can be act in a dominating fashion toward smaller animals. The American Eskimo Dog will unfailingly let out a warning bark whenever a stranger approaches its territory, and is therefore an able watchdog.

Caring for an American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog has a beautiful, flowing coat that needs to be brushed approximately twice a week, particularly when shedding. With regard to exercise, the dog will do well with a daily walk and can also benefit from a free romp in a safe, enclosed yard. Exercise requirements vary by size, with the Standard needing a fairly strenuous workout every day and the Toy little more than a few laps around the house. A fairly healthy breed, the American Eskimo Dog does not get sick very often; occasionally, one will see canine hip dysplasia, patellar luxation and progressive retinal atrophy in the breed.
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